Over the last year, some municipalities have begun to take action to protect tenants against the wave of renovictions and demovictions that are pushing low-income people out of their homes and communities. This is an encouraging development, since provincial government has done very little to address this issue.
How does does the City of Vancouver's tenant protections stack up against other municipalities?
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Tenant Relocation Policy
A formal process that forces landlords who want to redevelop their property to help re-house their tenants and/or compensate them for having to leave
Policies, such as fines, that discourage landlords from “renovicting” tenants in bad faith in order to raise rents on a suite
Right of First Refusal
Landlords must offer a renovicted/ demovicted tenants the right to return to their suite after work is complete - ideally at a similar rent as before
Limited annual rent increases (rent control) is tied to the unit, instead of the tenant
Rental Only Zoning
Designating parts of a city so that any new development must be for rental housing
Provincial (applies to all municipalities in B.C.)
- Four month Notice to End Tenancy for Renoviction/Demoviction
- Two month Notice to End Tenancy for Landlord use of property
- Final month is rent-free
- No moving costs, no relocation assistance.
- A of July 1, 2021 landlords must apply to the Residential Tenancy Branch in order to end a tenancy for the purpose of repairs. RTB Policy Guideline 2b outlines the scope and conditions required for approval
- There are still no procedural penalties for illegal renovictions.
- Only applies if building containing 5 or more units
- Landlords must offer this if renovicting or demoviction, but they do not have to offer an affordable rent; New rent can be determined by the landlord
Annual Allowable increases set by the Residential Tenancy Branch are only tied to a tenancy. If a tenant moves or is evicted, landlord has no limit on rent increases
In 2018 the Province gave municipal governments the authority to enact rental only zoning, but the province cannot legislate local zoning laws
- Compensation for tenants to leave ranges from 4-24 months rent, depending on the length of tenancy
- Assistance relocating tenant to comparable unit in size and rent in the same neighbourhood
- Does not apply to renovations involving building permits (small scale reno’s)
- Collaboration with provincial Residential Tenancy Branch to penalize illegal behaviour
- Along the Broadway Corridor tenants in buildings covered by TRPP have the right to return at the same rent they were previously paying, and interim rent top ups during construction (similar to Burnaby).
- Vacancy controls will apply to 20% of the units in new private rental developments that are built under the Moderate Income Rental Housing Pilot Project (MIRHPP) - These vacancy controlled suites are priced at rents meant to be affordable to household incomes of $30-$80K
- Preservation of existing rental stock is ensured through 1:1 replacement under Rate of Change bylaw and RHS ODP
- Only applies to about 78% of the rental housing stock. No affordability requirement for replacement units.
- Tenant Assistance Policy applies to buildings with 5 or more units
- Offers a rent "top up" on a privately owned unit during reno's or construction. Upper limit of top up determined by CMHC median rent +30%: $1545 for a one-bedroom and $1840 for a two bedroom.
- Moving expenses of $900 1 Bdrm and $1400 for 2 Bdrm
- Priority placement in unclaimed replacement units on other properties
- Applies to tenants evicted up to 24 months prior to rezoning application submittal (which means all of the people displaced through developer buyouts will be eligible)
On new private rental developments only.
- New developments must have 20% of their units as rental.
- Density offsets can be used to achieve affordability of 20% below CMHC
- 1:1 replacement of rental units lost in demolition
Yes; but voided due to provincial changes
- Fine ranging from $500 - $1000 for eviction without permits; eviction without relocating tenant; failure to provide relocation agreement or an excessive rent increase
Yes; but voided due to provincial changes
- Following renovations, Landlord must allow the tenant to return to the renovated unit without a rent increase, (beyond provincial annual increase)
- Currently applies to 6 properties 12 city-owned properties
- Ban on strata conversion (turning rental buildings into condos)
- Applies to buildings with 5 or more units
- Landlords who require their tenants to vacate a unit for renovations must provide alternative accommodation and let tenants move back in without a rent increase.
 RTB “Renovictions” https://www2.gov.bc.ca/gov/content/housing-tenancy/residential-tenancies/ending-a-tenancy/renovictions
 2022 City of Vancouver TRPP Amendments Bulletin: https://vancouver.ca/files/cov/tenant-relocation-and-protection-policy-process-and-requirements.pdf
 MIRHPP Factsheet: https://vancouver.ca/files/cov/pds-mirhpp-fall-2018-fact-sheet.pdf
 City of Vancouver Rate of Change regulation bylaw: https://council.vancouver.ca/20070417/documents/p4.pdf
 Burnaby Mayor’s Taskforce on Housing https://www.burnaby.ca/Our-City-Hall/Mayor---Council/Boards--Committees---Commissions/Mayor-s-Task-Force-on-Community-Housing.html
 City of Burnaby Revised Tenant Assistance Policy https://www.burnaby.ca/our-city/programs-and-policies/housing/tenant-assistance
 New Westminster Tenant Relocation Policy https://www.newwestcity.ca/database/files/library/Tenant_Relocation_Policy_(June_2018)(1).pdf
 New Westminster Bylaw 8085, 2019 https://www.newwestcity.ca/housing/renovictions-tenant-protection-and-resources
 New Westminster Bylaw 8078, 2019 https://www.newwestcity.ca/2019/05/03/faqs-zoning-amendment-bylaws-no-8123-2019-and-no-8078-2019.php
 New Westminster website https://www.newwestcity.ca/housing/rental-housing